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小学生中秋节作文、手抄报、黑板报材料

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The joyous Mid-Autumn Festival was celebrated on the fifteenth day of the eighth moon, around the time of the autumn equinox(秋分). Many referred to it simply as the "Fifteenth of the Eighth Moon".
在欢乐的中秋节是庆祝第八届月球15天,周围的秋分时间(秋分).许多人说只是简单的“第八届第十五次月亮”.
This day was also considered as a harvest festival since fruits, vegetables and grain had been harvested by this time and food was abundant. Food offerings were placed on an altar set up in the courtyard. Apples, pears, peaches, grapes, pomegranates(石榴), melons, oranges and pomelos(柚子) might be seen. Special foods for the festival included moon cakes, cooked taro(芋头)and water caltrope(菱角), a type of water chestnut resembling black buffalo horns. Some people insisted that cooked taro be included because at the time of creation, taro was the first food discovered at night in the moonlight. Of all these foods, it could not be omitted from the Mid-Autumn Festival.
这一天也被认为是因为水果,蔬菜和粮食是由这个时间和粮食收获是丰富的丰年祭.食品产品被放在院子里订了一个祭坛.苹果,梨,桃,葡萄,石榴(石榴),甜瓜,橘子和文旦(柚子)可能会被视为.电影节的特别食品,包括月饼,
煮熟的芋头(芋头)和水caltrope(菱角),一个马蹄型水牛类似黑角.有些人坚持认为,煮熟的芋头,因为在设定的时间内,芋头是第一食品在夜间发现了月光.在所有这些食品,但不能忽略中秋节.
The round moon cakes, measuring about three inches in diameter and one and a half inches in thickness, resembled Western fruitcakes in taste and consistency. These cakes were made with melon seeds(西瓜子), lotus seeds(莲籽), almonds(杏仁), minced meats, bean paste, orange peels and lard(猪油). A golden yolk(蛋黄) from a salted duck egg was placed at the center of each cake, and the golden brown crust was decorated with symbols of the festival. Traditionally, thirteen moon cakes were piled in a pyramid to symbolize the thirteen moons of a "complete year," that is, twelve moons plus one intercalary(闰月的) moon. uUlsda E
圆形月饼,直径约3一,厚1英寸,1.5英寸的测量,在味道类似西方的水果蛋糕和一致性.这些蛋糕已经作出瓜子(西瓜子),莲子(莲籽),杏仁(杏仁),切碎的肉,豆沙,陈皮和猪油(猪油).金色的蛋黄从咸蛋(蛋黄)是放置在每个蛋糕的中心,
和金黄色地壳装饰节的象征.传统上,13个月饼堆放在一个金字塔象征的“完整的卫星今年13”,也就是说,12个卫星加上一个闰(闰月的)月亮. uUlsda首页
The Mid-Autumn Festival is a traditional festivity for both the Han and minority nationalities. The custom of worshipping the moon can be traced back as far as the ancient Xia and Shang Dynasties (2000 B.C.-1066 B.C.). In the Zhou Dynasty(1066 B.C.-221 B.C.), people hold ceremonies to greet winter and worship the moon whenever the Mid-Autumn Festival sets in. It becomes very prevalent in the Tang Dynasty(618-907 A.D.) that people enjoy and worship the full moon. In the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279 A.D.), however, people send round moon cakes to their relatives as gifts in expression of their best wishes of family reunion. When it becomes dark, they look up at the full silver moon or go sightseeing on lakes to celebrate the festival. Since the Ming (1368-1644 A.D. ) and Qing Dynasties (1644-1911A.D.), the custom of Mid-Autumn Festival celebration becomes unprecedented popular. Together with the celebration there appear some special customs in different parts of the country, such as burning incense(熏香), planting Mid-Autumn trees, lighting lanterns on towers and fire dragon dances. However, the custom of playing under the moon is not so popular as it used to be nowadays, but it is not less popular to enjoy the bright silver moon. Whenever the festival sets in, people will look up at the full silver moon, drinking wine to celebrate their happy life or thinking of their relatives and friends far from home, and extending all of their best wishes to them.
在中秋节,是为汉族和少数民族的传统节日.在月亮的崇拜习俗可以追溯到至于古代夏,商时期(公元前2000年,1066年).在周朝(公元前1066年,公元前221年),人们举行仪式,迎接冬季和崇拜月亮每当中秋节到来之
它变得非常盛行于唐朝(公元618-907年),人们喜欢和崇拜的满月.在南宋(1127-1279年),但是,人们送月饼,以圆他们的亲属在他们最好的家庭团聚的表达民意的礼物.当它变得黑暗,他们查找的全银月球或继续湖泊观光 www.mp3-ytb.com
庆祝节日.自明朝(1368-1644年),清(1644 - 1911A.D.)的中秋习俗中秋节庆祝活动变得前所未有的欢迎.随着庆祝似乎有在不同地区的国家,如烧香(熏香),一些特殊的习俗,种植中秋树木,灯光塔,舞火龙灯.
然而,根据月亮打习惯不是那么受欢迎,因为它曾经是现在,但它不是冷门享受明亮的银色月亮.每当节日套在,人们会查找在全银月亮,喝着酒,庆祝他们的幸福生活,或其亲属和朋友们的想法远离家乡,并延长其最良好的祝愿给他们.
Moon Cakes

There is this story about the moon-cake. during the Yuan dynasty (A.D. 1280-1368) China was ruled by the Mongolian people. Leaders from the preceding Sung dynasty (A.D. 960-1280) were unhappy at submitting to the foreign rule, and set how to coordinate the rebellion without being discovered. The leaders of the rebellion, knowing that the Moon Festival was drawing near, ordered the making of special cakes. Backed into each moon cake was a message with the outline of the attack. On the night of the Moon Festival, the rebels successfully attached and overthrew the government. Today, moon cakes are eaten to commemorate this legend and was called the Moon Cake.

For generations, moon cakes have been made with sweet fillings of nuts, mashed red beans, lotus-seed paste or Chinese dates(枣子), wrapped in a pastry. Sometimes a cooked egg yolk can be found in the middle of the rich tasting dessert. People compare moon cakes to the plum pudding and fruit cakes which are served in the English holiday seasons.
有这对月饼的故事.在元朝(公元1280年至1368年)中国统治蒙古人民.从前面的宋代领导人(公元960-1280)的不满提交给外国统治,并设置如何协调而不被发现的叛乱.叛乱的领袖,知道中秋节临近,
下令特别蛋糕决策.到每个月饼的支持下,曾经是攻击的轮廓信息.论中秋节晚上,叛军成功附加,推翻政府.今天,吃月饼是为了纪念这个传奇人物,被称为月饼.
世世代代,月饼已与坚果甜馅,红豆泥,荷花种子粘贴www.28jioayu.com或(枣子)中的日期,在酥皮包.有时,煮熟的鸡蛋蛋黄中可以找到丰富的美味甜点中.人们比较月饼的葡萄干布丁,水果,以期在担任英语节日蛋糕.


关于中秋节手抄报的诗句

宋.苏轼《中秋见月和子由》

明月未出群山高,瑞光千丈生白毫.

一杯未尽银阙涌,乱云脱坏如崩涛.

谁为天公洗眸子,应费明河千斛水.

遂令冷看世间人,照我湛然心不起.

西南火星如弹丸,角尾奕奕苍龙蟠.

今宵注眼看不见,更许萤火争清寒.

何人舣舟昨古汴,千灯夜作鱼龙变.

曲折无心逐浪花,低昂赴节随歌板.

青荧灭没转山前,浪 风回岂复坚.

明月易低人易散,归来呼酒更重看.

堂前月色愈清好,咽咽寒 鸣露草.

卷帘推户寂无人,窗下咿哑唯楚老.

南都从事莫羞贫,对月题诗有几人.

明朝人事随日出,恍然一梦瑶台客.

宋.米芾《中秋登楼望月》

目穷淮海满如银,万道虹光育蚌珍.

天上若无修月户,桂枝撑损向西轮.

唐.白居易《八月十五日夜湓亭望月》

昔年八月十五夜,曲江池畔杏园边.

今年八月十五夜,湓浦沙头水馆前.

西北望乡何处是,东南见月几回圆.

昨风一吹无人会,今夜清光似往年.


关于中秋的手抄报图文资料

相传元朝时,中原广大人民不甘受蒙古人的残酷统治,纷纷起义抗元.朱元璋欲联合反抗力量,但元官兵搜查严密,苦于无从传递消息.所以刘伯温便想出一计策,命王昭光制造饼子,将写有“八月十五夜起义”的纸条藏入饼子里面.再使人分头传送到各地起义军中,通知他们在八月十五日晚上起义响应.因而一举推翻元朝,为了纪念这一功绩,因而中秋吃月饼的习俗也就传了下来.特别在东北地区,有“八月十五杀达子”的说法.

不论月饼源于何代,以月之圆兆人之团圆,以饼之圆兆人之常生,用月饼寄托思念故乡,思念亲人之情,祈盼丰收,幸福,皆成天下人们的心愿.

有人以为吃月饼和送月饼,自古以来就与中秋节有关.其实,情况并非如此.初唐时,原来农历八月只有初一是节日,而无十五这个节日.相传,后来唐明皇曾于八月十五夜游月宫,这样民间才把八月十五这一天作为中秋节.到了中唐,人们始在八月十五之夜登楼观月,而当时还没有月饼出现.说到月饼的出现最早是在南宋的时候.不过当时的月饼与中秋节毫不相干,那时的月饼与现代月饼亦大不相同,只是作为蒸食品在饮食市场出现而已.

月饼真正与中秋节有联系是在明代.当时,北京城市里出现了一种以果做馅的月饼,而人们在中秋节这一天自己制作月饼,用于自食和赠于良朋亲友,以表达团圆和祝贺之意.那时的月饼大小和形状很不规范,差别甚大,其名称也颇特别.

有关中秋节的手抄报报中英文解释 www.mp3-ytb.com

"Zhong Qiu Jie", which is also known as the Mid-Autumn Festival, is celebrated on the 15th day of the 8th month of the lunar calendar. It is a time for family members and loved ones to congregate and enjoy the full moon - an auspicious symbol of abundance, harmony and luck. Adults will usually indulge in fragrant mooncakes of many varieties with a good cup of piping hot Chinese tea, while the little ones run around with their brightly-lit lanterns.

    农历八月十五日是中国的传统节日——中秋节.在这天,每个家庭都团聚在一起,一家人共同观赏象征丰裕,和谐和幸运的圆月.此时,大人们吃着美味的月饼,品着热腾腾的香茗,而孩子们则在一旁拉着兔子灯尽情玩耍.

  "Zhong Qiu Jie" probably began as a harvest festival. The festival was later given a mythological flavour with legends of Chang-E, the beautiful lady in the moon.

    中秋节最早可能是一个庆祝丰收的节日.后来,月宫里美丽的仙女嫦娥的神话故事赋予了它神话色彩.

  According to Chinese mythology, the earth once had 10 suns circling over it. One day, all 10 suns appeared together, scorching the earth with their heat. The earth was saved when a strong archer, Hou Yi, succeeded in shooting down 9 of the suns. Yi stole the elixir of life to save the people from his tyrannical rule, but his wife, Chang-E drank it. Thus started the legend of the lady in the moon to whom young Chinese girls would pray at the Mid-Autumn Festival.

    传说古时候,天空曾有10个太阳.一天,这10个太阳同时出现,酷热难挡.弓箭手后翌射下了其中9个太阳,拯救了地球上的生灵.他偷了长生不死药,却被妻子嫦娥偷偷喝下.此后,每年中秋月圆之时,少女们都要向月宫仙女嫦娥祈福的传说便流传开来.

  In the 14th century, the eating of mooncakes at "Zhong Qiu Jie" was given a new significance. The story goes that when Zhu Yuan Zhang was plotting to overthrow the Yuan Dynasty started by the Mongolians, the rebels hid their messages in the Mid-Autumn mooncakes. Zhong Qiu Jie is hence also a commemoration of the overthrow of the Mongolians by the Han people.

    在14世纪,中秋节吃月饼又被赋予了一层特殊的含义.传说在朱元璋带兵起义推翻元朝时,将士们曾把联络信藏在月饼里.因此,中秋节后来也成为汉人推翻蒙古人统治的纪念日. 字串7

  During the Yuan Dynasty (A.D.1206-1368) China was ruled by the Mongolian people. Leaders from the preceding Sung Dynasty (A.D.960-1279) were unhappy at submitting to foreign rule, and set how to coordinate the rebellion without it being discovered. The leaders of the rebellion, knowing that the Moon Festival was drawing near, ordered the making of special cakes. Packed into each mooncake was a message with the outline of the attack. On the night of the Moon Festival, the rebels successfully attacked and overthrew the government. What followed was the establishment of the Ming Dynasty (A.D. 1368-1644). Today, moon cakes are eaten to commemorate this event.

    在元朝,蒙古人统治中国.前朝统治者们不甘心政权落入外族之手,于是密谋策划联合起义.正值中秋将近,起义首领就命令部下制作一种特别的月饼,把起义计划藏在每个月饼里.到中秋那天,起义军获取胜利,推翻了元朝,建立明朝.今天,人们吃月饼纪念此事.

  Mid-Autumn Day 中秋节

  Mid-Autumn Day is a traditional festival in China. Almost everyone likes to eat mooncakes on that day. Most families have a dinner together to celebrate the festival. A saying goes, "The moon in your hometown is almost always the brightest and roundest". Many people who live far away from homes want to go back to have a family reunion. How happy it is to enjoy the moon cakes while watching the full moon with your family members.


中秋节的手抄报题目精选

中秋节的手抄报题目精选

中秋月圆

家人团聚

温馨中秋

与明月一起度中秋


最全的中秋节手抄报内容

中秋节的传说

  农历八月十五,中秋节.这是人们一直都喻为最有人情味,最诗情画意的一个节日.有说,每逢佳节倍思亲.中秋节 这一份思念当然会更深切,尤其是一轮明月高高挂的时刻.

  中秋之所以是中秋,是因为农历八月十五这一天是在三秋制中.这一天天上的圆月分外明亮特别的大特别的圆,所以这一天也被视为撮合姻缘的大好日子. www.mp3-ytb.com

  说起中秋的来源,民间一直流传着多个不同的传说和神话故事.其中就有嫦蛾奔月,朱元璋月饼起义,唐明皇游月宫等故事.

  最为人熟悉当然是嫦娥奔月,嫦娥偷了丈夫后羿的不死仙丹,飞奔到月宫的故事也有多个版本.在较早的记载中,嫦娥偷吃了仙药,变成了癞蛤蟆,被叫着月精.

  奔月后,嫦娥住的月宫其实是一个寂寞的地方,除了一棵桂树和一只兔子,就别无他物.可是又有另一个说法是,在月宫里还有一个叫吴刚的人.

传说一

相传,远古时候有一年,天上出现了十个太阳,直烤得大地冒烟,海水枯干,老百姓眼看无法再生活去. 这件事惊动了一个名叫后羿的英雄,他登上昆仑山顶,运足神力,拉开神弓,一气射下九个多余的太阳. 后羿立下盖世神功,受到百姓 的尊敬和爱戴,不少志士慕名前来投师学艺.奸诈刁钻,心术不正的蓬蒙也混了进来. 不久,后羿娶了个美丽善良的 妻子,名叫嫦娥.后羿除传艺狩猎外,终日和妻子在一起,人们都羡慕这对郎才女貌的恩爱夫妻. 一天,后羿到昆仑山访友求道,巧遇由此经过的王母娘娘,便向王母求得一包不死药.据说,服下此药,能即刻升天成仙. 然而,后羿舍不得撇下妻子,只好暂时把不死药交给嫦娥珍藏.嫦娥将药藏进梳妆台的百宝匣里,不料被蓬蒙看了. 三天后,后羿率众徒外出狩猎,心怀鬼胎的蓬蒙假装生病,留了下来. 待后羿率众人走后不久,蓬蒙手持宝剑闯入内宅后院,威逼嫦娥交出不死药. 嫦娥知道自己不是蓬蒙的对手,危急之时她当机立断,转身打开百宝匣,拿出不死药一口吞了下去. 嫦娥吞下药,身子立时飘离地面,冲出窗口,向天上飞去.由于嫦娥牵挂着丈夫,便飞落到离人间最近的月亮上成了仙. 傍晚,后羿回到家,侍女们哭诉了白天发生的事.后羿既惊又怒,抽剑去杀恶徒,蓬蒙早逃走了.气得后羿捶胸顿足哇哇大叫.悲痛欲绝的后羿,仰望着夜空呼唤爱妻的名字.这时他惊奇地发现,今天的月亮格外皎洁明亮,而且有个晃动的身影酷似嫦娥. 后羿急忙派人到嫦娥喜爱的后花园里,摆上香案,放上她平时最爱吃的蜜食鲜果,遥祭在月宫里眷恋着自己的嫦娥. 百姓们闻知嫦娥奔月成仙的消息后,纷纷在月下摆设香案,向善良的嫦娥祈求吉祥平安.从此,中秋节拜月的风俗在民间传开了.

传说二

中秋节原是丰收的节日.在中国农业社会,农民在丰收的季节里,总是大事庆祝一番.这个节日之所以成为佳节也和“嫦娥奔月”这个美丽的神话有关.

传说,古时候天上有十个太阳,它们轮流出现,照亮大地和给大地带来温暖,但有一天,十个太阳却一起出现,大地上的农作物都被烤焦了. 这时,有一个叫后羿的神射手,把其中九个太阳射了下来,替万民消除了灾难.人们于是把他拥立为王.后羿当上皇帝后,沉迷酒色,随意杀人,成了暴君.他希望长生不老,跑到昆仑山盗取王母娘娘的不死药, 他的妻子嫦娥怕他长生不老,百姓受苦,把不死之药偷来吃了,于是她自己就轻飘飘地飞上了月宫. 后来,一般妇女每逢中秋拜月,就是向月宫里的嫦娥遥祭.

中秋节的传统食品是月饼,月饼是圆形的,象征团圆,反映了人们对家人团聚的美好愿望.中秋节吃月饼据说始于元代,当时,朱元璋领导汉族人民反抗元朝暴政,约定在八月十五日这一天起义,以互赠月饼的办法把字条夹在月饼中传递消息.中秋节吃月饼的习俗便在民间传开来.

后来,朱元璋终于把元朝推翻,成为明朝的第一个皇帝,虽然其后满清人入主中国,但是人们仍旧庆祝这个象征推翻异族统治的节日.(

传说三

唐明皇游月宫,话说贵为天子的唐明皇对嫦娥非常的迷恋.一天他上了月宫,在月宫里看到了一只玉兔和一群能歌善舞的仙女 .

朱元璋成功推翻蒙古人,建立明朝,在民间的传说中是赖月饼作为通讯工具.朱元璋带头取义,把字条塞在每个月饼馅里,呼唤众人依时起义.

中秋节的起源,其中的一个说法是:农历八月十五这一天恰好是稻子成熟的时刻,各家都拜土地神.中秋可能就是秋报的遗俗.

中秋夜,除了拜祭,还有就是应节的月饼和灯笼.祭拜的当然是在天上的嫦娥,也有人称她为月娘.老人家说,小孩子不可以用手指指月亮,要不然会被割耳朵.

时至今天,中秋的原意也已经没有多少人知道,对于新的一代来说,中秋节最令人记取的是月饼和灯笼.当然,月圆当空的节日,是人们团圆的大好日子.

中 秋 起 源

  中秋节是我国的传统佳节.根据史籍的记载,“中秋”一词最早出现在《周礼》一书中.到魏晋时,有“谕尚书镇牛淆,中秋夕与左右微服泛江”的记载.直到唐朝初年,中秋节才成为固定的节日.《唐书·太宗记》记载有“八月十五中秋节”.中秋节的盛行始于宋朝,至明清时,已与元旦齐名,成为我国的主要节日之一.这也是我国仅次于春节的第二大传统节日.

  根据我国的历法,农历八月在秋季中间,为秋季的第二个月,称为“仲秋”,而八月十五又在“仲秋”之中,所以称“中秋”.中秋节有许多别称:因节期在八月十五,所以称“八月节”,“八月半”;因中秋节的主要活动都是围绕“月”进行的,所以又俗称“月节”“月夕”;中秋节月亮圆满,象征团圆,因而又叫“团圆节”.在唐朝,中秋节还被称为“端正月”. www.mp3-ytb.com

  关于“团圆节”的记载最早见于明代.《西湖游览志余》中说:“八月十五谓中秋,民间以月饼相送,取团圆之意”.《帝京景物略》中也说:“八月十五祭月,其饼必圆,分瓜必牙错,瓣刻如莲花.……其有妇归宁者,是日必返夫家,曰团圆节.中秋晚上,我国大部分地区还有烙“团圆”的习俗,即烙一种象征团圆,类似月饼的小饼子,饼内包糖,芝麻,桂花和蔬菜等,外压月亮,桂树,兔子等图案.祭月之后,由家中长者将饼按人数分切成块,每人一块,如有人不在家即为其留下一份,表示合家团圆.

中秋节时,云稀雾少,月光皎洁明亮,民间除了要举行赏月,祭月,吃月饼祝福团圆等一系列活动,有些地方还有舞草龙,砌宝塔等活动.除月饼外,各种时令鲜果干果也是中秋夜的美食.

中秋节起源的另一个说法是:农历八月十五这一天恰好是稻子成熟的时刻,各家都拜土地神.中秋可能就是秋报的遗俗.

八月十五话月饼

  相传我国古代,帝王就有春天祭日,秋天祭月的礼制.在民间,每逢八月中秋,也有左右拜月或祭月的风俗.“八月十五月儿圆,中秋月饼香又甜”,这句名谚道出中秋之夜城乡人民吃月饼的习俗.月饼最初是用来祭奉月神的祭品,后来人们逐渐把中秋赏月与品尝月饼,作为家人团圆的象征,慢慢月饼也就成了节日的礼品.

  月饼,最初起源于唐朝军队祝捷食品.唐高祖年间,大将军李靖征讨匈奴得胜,八月十五凯旋而归.

  当时有人经商的吐鲁番人向唐朝皇帝献饼祝捷.高祖李渊接过华丽的饼盒,拿出圆饼,笑指空中明月说:“应将胡饼邀蟾蜍”.说完把饼分给群臣一起吃.

  南宋吴自牧的《梦梁录》一书,已有“月饼”一词,但对中秋尝月,吃月饼的描述,是明代的《西湖游览志会》才有记载:“八月十五日谓之中秋,民间以月饼相遗,取团圆之义”.到了清代,关于月饼的记载就多起来了,而且制作越来越精细.

月饼发展到今日,品种更加繁多,风味因地各异.其中京式,苏式,广式,潮式等月饼广为我国南北各地的人们所喜食.

  月饼象征着团圆,是中秋佳节必食之品.在节日之夜,人们还爱吃些西瓜,水果等团圆的果品,祈祝家人生活美满,甜蜜,平安.

  中秋吃月饼,和端午吃粽子,元宵节吃汤圆一样,是我国民间的传统习俗.古往今来,人们把月饼当作吉祥,团圆的象征.每逢中秋,皓月当空,阖家团聚,品饼赏月,谈天说地,尽享天伦之乐.

  月饼,又称胡饼,宫饼,小饼,月团,团圆饼等,是古代中秋祭拜月神的供品,沿传下来,便形成了中秋吃月饼的习俗.

  月饼,在我国有着悠久的历史.据史料记载,早在殷,周时期,江,浙一带就有一种纪念太师闻仲的边薄心厚的“太师饼”,此乃我国月饼的“始祖”.汉代张骞出使西域时,引进芝麻,胡桃,为月饼的制作增添了辅料,这时便出现了以胡桃仁为馅的圆形饼,名曰“胡饼”.

  唐代,民间已有从事生产的饼师,京城长安也开始出现糕饼铺.据说,有一年中秋之夜,唐太宗和杨贵妃赏月吃胡饼时,唐太宗嫌“胡饼”名字不好听,杨贵妃仰望皎洁的明月,心潮澎湃,随口而出“月饼”,从此“月饼”的名称便在民间逐渐流传开.

  北宋皇家中秋节喜欢吃一种“宫饼”,民间俗称为“小饼”,“月团”.苏东坡有诗云:“小饼如嚼月,中有酥和怡.”

  宋代的文学家周密,在记叙南宋都城临安见闻的《武林旧事》中首次提到“月饼”之名称.

  到了明代,中秋吃月饼才在民间逐渐流传.当时心灵手巧的饼师,把嫦娥奔月的神话故事作为食品艺术图案印在月饼上,使月饼成为更受人民青睐的中秋佳节的必备食品.(

明代田汝成《西湖游览记》曰:“八月十五日谓中秋,民间以月饼相送,取团圆之意.”清代,月饼的制作工艺有了较大提高,品种也不断增加,供月月饼到处皆有.清代诗人袁景澜有一首颇长的《咏月饼诗》,其中有“入厨光夺霜,蒸釜气流液.揉搓细面尘,点缀胭脂迹.戚里相馈遗,节物无容忽……儿女坐团圆,杯盘散狼藉”等句,从月饼的制作,亲友间互赠月饼到设家宴及赏月,叙述无遗.

  中秋之夜,月色皎洁,古人把圆月视为团圆的象征,因此,又称八月十五为“团圆节”.古往今来,人们常用“月圆,月缺” 来形容“悲欢离合”,客居他乡的游子,更是以月来寄托深情. 唐代诗人李白的“举头望明月,低头思故乡”,杜甫的“露从今夜白,月是故乡明”,宋代王安石的“春风又绿江南岸,明月何时照我还”等诗句,都是千古绝唱.

中秋节是个古老的节日,祭月赏月是节日的重要习俗.古代帝王有春天祭日,秋天祭月的社制,民家也有中秋祭月之风,到了后来赏月重于祭月,严肃的祭祀变成了轻松的欢娱.中秋赏月的风俗在唐代极盛,许多诗人的名篇中都有咏月的诗句,宋代,明代,清代宫廷和民间的拜月赏月活动更具规模.我国各地至今遗存着许多“拜月坛”,“拜月亭”,“望月楼”的古迹. www.mp3-ytb.com

  北京的“月坛”就是明嘉靖年间为皇家祭月修造的.每当中秋月亮升起,于露天设案,将月饼,石榴,枣子等瓜果供于桌案 上,拜月后,全家人围桌而坐,边吃边谈,共赏明月.现在,祭月拜月活动已被规模盛大,多彩多姿的群众赏月游乐活动所替代.

  吃月饼是节日的另一习俗,月饼象征着团圆.月饼的制作从唐代以后越来越考究.苏东坡有诗写道:“小饼如嚼月,中有酥和饴”,清朝杨光辅写道:“月饼饱装桃肉馅,雪糕甜砌蔗糖霜” .看来当时的月饼和现在已颇为相近了.

古 代 中 秋 习 俗

  根据《东京梦华录》(序於一一四七年)卷八的记载,宋朝的街市,在中秋节的前几天,就已弥漫著浓厚的过节气氛.商店贩卖新酒,重新布置门前的彩楼.市人争饮新有石榴,梨,栗,葡萄,弄色枨橘等等.到了晚上,人家争登酒楼赏月,丝竹箫管并作.里巷儿童通宵玩耍,夜市人马杂沓,至於天明.吴自牧(约一二七○前后在世)的《梦梁录》卷四也记载,南宋人家多於此日安排家宴,团圆子女,以酬佳节.即使是陋巷里的贫穷人家,也都会典当衣物去购买酒困,来欢度中秋.

  金盈之(约一一二六前后在世)的《新编醉翁谈录》卷四则记载了当时人由赏月进而拜月的习俗:「京师赏月之会,异於他郡.倾城人家,不以贫富,能自行者至十二三,皆以成人之服饰之.登楼或於庭中焚香拜月,各有所期.男则愿早步蟾宫,高攀仙桂…….女则愿貌似嫦娥,圆如洁月.」

  除了拜月之外,还有赏灯的风俗.周密(一二三二—一三○八)的《武林旧事》卷三记载杭州中秋夜:「灯烛华灿,竟夕乃止」.浙江也於中秋夜放一种羊皮小水灯「一点红」,江面上布满了数十万盏灯,有如天上繁星,十分引人注目.据说水灯是为讨江神喜欢,并非纯粹为了观赏.

宋朝

  宋朝在杭州另有一特殊的中秋景观,即钱塘观潮.由於钱塘江口地形类似一漏斗,每当海潮涌至,受到渐进渐狭的地形影响,波浪便重重叠叠堆积成一道水墙,声势极为壮观.苏东坡在杭州任佑府时,曾作过一首《中秋夜观潮》,描述观潮人数之众多,及潮水汹涌之气势:

定知玉兔十分圆,已作霜风九月寒.

寄语重门休上锁,夜潮留向月中看.

万人鼓噪慑吾侬,犹似浮江老阿童.

欲识潮头高几许,越山浑在浪花中.

  《武林旧事》中的另一段文字则更具体的描述了潮水震撼天地的磅薄气势:「方其远出海门,仅如银线,既而渐近,则玉城雪岭,际天而来.大声如雷霆,震撼激射,吞天沃日,势极雄豪」.直至今日,钱塘观潮仍是浙江省中秋节最具特色的观光据点.

元朝

  元朝虽以异族入主中原,但所受汉化甚深.节日习俗也大半沿袭汉人旧制.到了明朝,赏月,祭月,吃月饼的风俗大盛.

  田汝成(约一五四○前后在世)的《西湖游览志余》「熙朝乐事」记载明人多於中秋节以月饼相馈赠,取其圆形的「团圆」之义.夜晚则设赏月之宴,或携带酒食至湖海之畔游赏.刘侗,于奕正合著的《帝京景物略》(一六三五)卷之二则详细描述了中秋祭月的供品:月饼必须是圆,所供的瓜果则必须切成如莲花般的牙瓣.街市出售月光纸,上面绘有月偏照菩萨,下绘月轮桂殿,有一兔人立捣药於其中.祭月后将月光纸焚烧,所供的果饼分给家中的每一成员.中秋节又是团圆节,所以纵使有归宁的女子,也必定於此日返其夫家团聚.

明朝

  至於明人赏月的盛会,则有张岱(一五九七—一六七一!)以其生花妙笔,为我们作了下面这段极其风雅记述.《陶庵梦忆》卷五的「虎邱中秋夜」:

  虎邱八月半,土著,流寓,士夫,眷属,女乐,声伎,曲中名妓,戏婆,民间少妇,好女,崽子,娈童及游冶恶少,清客,帮闲, 僮,走空之辈,无不麟集.自生公台,千人石,鹤涧,剑池,申文定祠,下至试剑石一二山门,皆 毡席地坐,登高望之,如雁落平沙,霞 江上.天暝,月上,鼓吹十百处,大吹大擂,渔阳参挝,动地翻天,雷轰鼎沸,呼叫不闻.更定,鼓铙渐歇,丝管繁兴,杂以歌唱.皆「锦帆开澄湖万顷」同场大曲,蹲踏和锣丝竹肉声,不辨拍煞.更深,人渐散去,士夫眷属皆下船水嬉,席席徵歌,人人献技南北杂之,管弦迭奏,听者方辨字句,藻鉴随之.二鼓人静,悉屏管弦,洞萧一缕,哀清绵,与肉目引,尚存三四,迭更为之.三鼓,月孤气肃,不杂蚊虻.一夫登场,高坐石上,不箫不拍,声出如丝,裂石穿云,串度扬,一字一刻,听者寻入芥,心血为枯,不敢击节,惟有点头.然此时雁比而坐者,犹存百十人焉.使非苏州,焉讨识者.

  晚明文人的生活情趣,从这则「虎邸中秋夜」或能略窥一二.

清朝

  明人拜月时用的「月光纸」,到了清朝,改了个名字叫「月光马儿」.富察敦崇的《燕京岁时记》(一九○六年).记载:「月光马者,以纸为之,上绘太阴星君,如菩萨像,下绘月宫及捣药之兔.人立而执杵,藻彩精致,金碧辉煌,市肆间多卖之者.长者七,八尺,短者二,三尺,顶有二旗,作红绿,笆或黄色,向月而供之.焚香行礼,祭毕与千张,元宝等一并焚之」.

  清又流传著一句话:「男不拜月,女不窜」.所以拜月就成了妇女的专利,家中的主妇忙著拜月,小孩子也不愁没事干.中秋节前几天,街市上都会卖一种专供儿童月用的「兔儿爷」.兔儿爷的起源约在明末.明人纪坤(约一六三六年前后在世)的《花王阁剩稿》:「京中秋节多以泥抟兔形,衣冠踞坐如人状,儿女祀而拜之」. www.mp3-ytb.com

  到了清代,兔儿爷的功能已由祭月转变为儿童的中秋节玩具.制作也日趋精致,有扮成武将头戴盔甲,身披戢袍的,也有背插纸旗或纸伞,或坐或立的.坐则有麒麟虎豹等等.也有扮成兔首人身之商贩,或是剃头师父,或是缝鞋,卖馄钝,茶汤的,不一而足.

英文中秋节的手抄报.实用英语

The joyous Mid-Autumn Festival was celebrated on the fifteenth day of the eighth moon, around the time of the autumn equinox(秋分). Many referred to it simply as the "Fifteenth of the Eighth Moon".

This day was also considered as a harvest festival since fruits, vegetables and grain had been harvested by this time and food was abundant. Food offerings were placed on an altar set up in the courtyard. Apples, pears, peaches, grapes, pomegranates(石榴), melons, oranges and pomelos(柚子) might be seen. Special foods for the festival included moon cakes, cooked taro(芋头)and water caltrope(菱角), a type of water chestnut resembling black buffalo horns. Some people insisted that cooked taro be included because at the time of creation, taro was the first food discovered at night in the moonlight. Of all these foods, it could not be omitted from the Mid-Autumn Festival.

The round moon cakes, measuring about three inches in diameter and one and a half inches in thickness, resembled Western fruitcakes in taste and consistency. These cakes were made with melon seeds(西瓜子), lotus seeds(莲籽), almonds(杏仁), minced meats, bean paste, orange peels and lard(猪油). A golden yolk(蛋黄) from a salted duck egg was placed at the center of each cake, and the golden brown crust was decorated with symbols of the festival. Traditionally, thirteen moon cakes were piled in a pyramid to symbolize the thirteen moons of a "complete year," that is, twelve moons plus one intercalary(闰月的) moon. uUlsda E

The Mid-Autumn Festival is a traditional festivity for both the Han and minority nationalities. The custom of worshipping the moon can be traced back as far as the ancient Xia and Shang Dynasties (2000 B.C.-1066 B.C.). In the Zhou Dynasty(1066 B.C.-221 B.C.), people hold ceremonies to greet winter and worship the moon whenever the Mid-Autumn Festival sets in. It becomes very prevalent in the Tang Dynasty(618-907 A.D.) that people enjoy and worship the full moon. In the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279 A.D.), however, people send round moon cakes to their relatives as gifts in expression of their best wishes of family reunion. When it becomes dark, they look up at the full silver moon or go sightseeing on lakes to celebrate the festival. Since the Ming (1368-1644 A.D. ) and Qing Dynasties (1644-1911A.D.), the custom of Mid-Autumn Festival celebration becomes unprecedented popular. Together with the celebration there appear some special customs in different parts of the country, such as burning incense(熏香), planting Mid-Autumn trees, lighting lanterns on towers and fire dragon dances. However, the custom of playing under the moon is not so popular as it used to be nowadays, but it is not less popular to enjoy the bright silver moon. Whenever the festival sets in, people will look up at the full silver moon, drinking wine to celebrate their happy life or thinking of their relatives and friends far from home, and extending all of their best wishes to them.

Moon Cakes

There is this story about the moon-cake. during the Yuan dynasty (A.D. 1280-1368) China was ruled by the Mongolian people. Leaders from the preceding Sung dynasty (A.D. 960-1280) were unhappy at submitting to the foreign rule, and set how to coordinate the rebellion without being discovered. The leaders of the rebellion, knowing that the Moon Festival was drawing near, ordered the making of special cakes. Backed into each moon cake was a message with the outline of the attack. On the night of the Moon Festival, the rebels successfully attached and overthrew the government. Today, moon cakes are eaten to commemorate this legend and was called the Moon Cake.

For generations, moon cakes have been made with sweet fillings of nuts, mashed red beans, lotus-seed paste or Chinese dates(枣子), wrapped in a pastry. Sometimes a cooked egg yolk can be found in the middle of the rich tasting dessert. People compare moon cakes to the plum pudding and fruit cakes which are served in the English holiday seasons. www.mp3-ytb.com

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